The agreement will address several aspects of sustainable agriculture: the agreement will allow the EU and Mercosur to cooperate on certain regulatory issues on a voluntary basis. The failure to comply with this pre-assessment obligation is all the more serious because the EU-Mercosur agreement could contribute to a worsening of an already very degraded human rights and environmental situation, as the Veblen Institute and the FNH analysed in their report “A Losing Loser Agreement” on the first elements of the published agreement. As part of the agreement, the EU and Mercosur are committed to effectively implementing the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Since the beginning of the negotiations, the Commission has carried out several studies on the potential impact of a trade agreement with Mercosur. The pact between the European Union and the South American free trade bloc Mercosur – Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay – was agreed in principle last year after two decades of wrangling. MERCOSUR and the European Union have been negotiating a bi-regional free trade area since April 2000. Since 1995, relations between MERCOSUR and the EU have been inspired by the EU-MERCOSUR framework agreement, signed on 15 December 1995, which came into force on 1 July 1999. The agreement currently under negotiation consists of three components: political dialogue; Trade and economic issues and cooperation. The scope and objectives of the agreement were agreed at the first round of negotiations in April 2000 and at the Madrid Summit in May 2002.
Like all EU trade agreements, the EU-Mercosur agreement gives governments of both parties complete freedom to manage the distribution of water or other essential services as they see fit. They always decide whether these services are part of the public or private sectors. The agreement between the EU and Mercosur is no different. The agreement – a document of more than 7,000 pages – is based on two decades of negotiations. The agreement would be the largest free trade area ever created by the EU and involving 780 million people. The EU`s new trade chief, Valdis Dombrovskis, said it was “clear that we need to take these issues seriously.” The trade agreement between the EU and the Mercosur countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay), negotiated for 20 years and often referred to as the “car for beef”, has been the subject of much criticism, including from governments of Member States such as France and Ireland. The parliaments of Austria, Wallonia and, more recently, the Netherlands, have even rejected the agreement in its current form. The Dutch Parliament`s resolution of 2 June 2020 highlights in particular the difference between European standards for hygiene of imported and European products and the resulting unfair competition for European farmers and deplores the lack of a binding clause to protect the Amazon and combat illegal deforestation. Yes, yes. The agreement reaffirms the right of governments to regulate on the basis of the precautionary principle. In June 2019, the European Union (EU) and Mercosur (Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay) announced that they had reached an “in-principle” agreement on the content of a bilateral trade agreement they have been negotiating for more than 20 years.