Brexit withdrawal agreement 2019


As of February 1st, the United Kingdom has ceased to be a member of the European Union. With the end of a transition phase on December 31, 2020, British nationals in Germany will now have to take care of their right of residence – new residence documents are to be issued in the course of 2021.

From January 1st, 2021, The Provisions for third countries. Travelers are only allowed to enter Germany if they return to their place of residence, perform an important function or are traveling mandatory is.

Following the signing of the exit agreement by the UK and the European Union ( EU ), Brexit came into force on February 1, 2020.

Initially, nothing changed for citizens and companies – there was a transition phase until the end of 2020 in which EU law in and for the United Kingdom continued to apply in principle, but without British co-determination rights in the EU institutions. The UK continued to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union during this period.

From January 1, 2021, British nationals and their family members must take care of their right of residence in Germany. Please see the information below for UK nationals and their family members on right of residence under the Withdrawal Agreement for more details.

What was agreed between the EU and Great Britain in the exit agreement?

After the November 2018 agreement in the British House of Commons did not receive the necessary support, the negotiators on both sides agreed on a slightly modified package on October 17, 2019 with the exit agreement. In addition to the exit agreement itself, these were cornerstones of future relationships that, after further negotiations, led to the further agreement agreed at the end of 2020.

The first of these agreements, i.e. the Withdrawal Agreement, is decisive for the right of residence of British citizens who have previously lived in Germany. The following key aspects are at the heart of this agreement: the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and the rights of British people living in the EU are fully protected; As long as they have exercised free movement rights so far, they can in principle continue to live, work, study and enjoy social security in the respective state in which they were resident. The United Kingdom’s financial obligations were also regulated. The European Court of Justice has an important role to play in monitoring and implementing the agreement.

The EU states are colored dark blue, the non-EU states in light blue. The United Kingdom is colored red. A pale yellow star circle of the EU is depicted over the area on the left.
During the transition period, the exemption for citizens of EU Member States continued to apply to British naturalization applicants. They could be naturalized with continued British citizenship.

As of January 1, 2021, after the end of the transition period, British nationals can in principle only be naturalized if they have previously given up British citizenship.

For British nationals who have applied for naturalization in Germany before the end of the transition period (i.e. by December 31, 2020) , a transitional arrangement applies. You do not need to give up British citizenship provided all other naturalization requirements were met prior to the end of … Read full

Can I end a rental agreement early

Late rent

Unreasonableness: When you can terminate despite the minimum rental period – and when not

Once the rental agreement and the waiver of termination have been signed, there is usually no going back. Under certain circumstances, the tenant can terminate his contract despite the minimum rental period – with the help of an extraordinary termination. However, there must be an important reason in accordance with Section 543 or 569 of the English Civil Code.

Sometimes landlords block themselves even though there is a valid reason for the extraordinary termination. Advocates will then find the right lawyer for you from a network of over 500 partner lawyers. They will contact you within 2 hours for a free initial assessment of your options for action and chances of success. Now describe the case.

In order to be able to decide whether there is an important reason, the interests of the tenant must be considered more important than those of the landlord. Early termination is only possible if the tenant cannot reasonably be expected to hold onto the tenancy. It should be noted that courts can be strict when determining the unreasonableness.

Since it is a matter of interpretation, legal disputes can arise. The tenant must then prove that the reasons for unreasonableness mentioned below were not self-inflicted or foreseeable.

Professional move

In principle, a new job can be such an important reason. If the place of work is too far away from the current apartment, it is usually unreasonable for the tenant to commute. However, problems could arise if the tenant changes employers voluntarily. In this case, a court has to weigh the interests of the two parties against each other.

Change of university

If students change university in the course of their studies, they have the right to an extraordinary termination. Landlords must allow students a degree of flexibility.

Addition to the family

An addition to the family is also a valid reason to end a tenancy early. For example, if the apartment is too small to raise a baby, the tenant can cancel despite the minimum rental period. However, if it is already clear at the time of the conclusion of the contract that the tenant is pregnant, there is no longer any unreasonableness – because the change in circumstances was foreseeable.

Not payed rent

A lack of rent is usually always in the landlord’s risk area. Rent deficiencies are, for example, construction noise, a broken heating or mould. If the tenant cannot be expected to continue living in the apartment, he has a special right of termination. Even if the landlord is not directly responsible for defects, he must take care of rectifying them. If he does not do this – even after a reminder – you can reduce the rent or make use of the special right of termination.


In principle, a separation does not affect the rental agreement. If both partners are in the contract, both are liable for the rental payments – regardless of whether they still live together or not. The background is that a separation is in the risk area of ​​the tenants and cannot be attributed to the landlord.

New tenant

If none of the above reasons come into question, the tenant only has a clarifying discussion with the landlord. You can … Read full